January 9th – Courage and Fear (and Church Trends)

Brainy (Secular) Quotes on Fear and Courage

I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. Nelson Mandela
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/courage

Courage is resistance to fear, mastery of fear, not absence of fear. Mark Twain
Read more at: https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/courage

Courage in the Catechism

I found four instances of use of “courage” in the Catechism:

  1. Paragraph 1299 –  In the Roman Rite the bishop extends his hands over the whole group of the confirmands. Since the time of the apostles this gesture has signified the gift of the Spirit. the bishop invokes the outpouring of the Spirit in these words:

All-powerful God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
by water and the Holy Spirit
you freed your sons and daughters from sin
and gave them new life.
Send your Holy Spirit upon them
to be their helper and guide.
Give them the spirit of wisdom and understanding,
the spirit of right judgment and courage,
the spirit of knowledge and reverence.
Fill them with the spirit of wonder and awe in your presence.
We ask this through Christ our Lord.

2. Paragraph 1532 –  The special grace of the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick has as its effects:
– the uniting of the sick person to the passion of Christ, for his own good and that of the whole Church;
– the strengthening, peace, and courage to endure in a Christian manner the sufferings of illness or old age;
– the forgiveness of sins, if the sick person was not able to obtain it through the sacrament of Penance;
– the restoration of health, if it is conducive to the salvation of his soul;
– the preparation for passing over to eternal life.

3. Paragraph 1520 – A particular gift of the Holy Spirit. the first grace of this sacrament is one of strengthening, peace and courage to overcome the difficulties that go with the condition of serious illness or the frailty of old age. This grace is a gift of the Holy Spirit, who renews trust and faith in God and strengthens against the temptations of the evil one, the temptation to discouragement and anguish in the face of death.134 This assistance from the Lord by the power of his Spirit is meant to lead the sick person to healing of the soul, but also of the body if such is God’s will.135 Furthermore, “if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.”

4. Paragraph 1805 –  Four virtues play a pivotal role and accordingly are called “cardinal”; all the others are grouped around them. They are: prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. “If anyone loves righteousness, [Wisdom’s] labors are virtues; for she teaches temperance and prudence, justice, and courage.” These virtues are praised under other names in many passages of Scripture.

“Courage,” “Courageous,” and “Courageously” in the New Testament

An explanation of the Greek NT word translated as “courage” or “courageous” or “courageously” can be found HERE.  And here is a snip from the reference material in BibleWorks.

Depending on the English version of the NT, it may also be translated as “heart,” “cheer,” “boldness,” “daring,” or “confidence.” I found the words used 26 times in the New Testament, most often the imperative as an expression of encouragement. In the 21st century, it seems we most often think of it as a synonym of bravery, a somewhat different or at least narrower slant. Here are the examples I found.

NAB Matthew 9:2 And there people brought to him a paralytic lying on a stretcher. When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Courage, child, your sins are forgiven.”
NAB Matthew 9:22 Jesus turned around and saw her, and said, “Courage, daughter! Your faith has saved you.” And from that hour the woman was cured.
NAB Matthew 14:27 At once (Jesus) spoke to them, “Take courage, it is I; do not be afraid.”
NAB Mark 6:50 They had all seen him and were terrified. But at once he spoke with them, “Take courage, it is I, do not be afraid!”
NAB Mark 10:49 Jesus stopped and said, “Call him.” So they called the blind man, saying to him, “Take courage; get up, he is calling you.”
NAB Mark 15:43 Joseph of Arimathea, a distinguished member of the council, who was himself awaiting the kingdom of God, came and courageously went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
NAB John 16:33 I have told you this so that you might have peace in me. In the world you will have trouble, but take courage, I have conquered the world.”
NIV Acts 4:13 When they saw the courage of Peter and John and realized that they were unschooled, ordinary men, they were astonished and they took note that these men had been with Jesus.
NAB Acts 23:11 The following night the Lord stood by him and said, “Take courage. For just as you have borne witness to my cause in Jerusalem, so you must also bear witness in Rome.”
DRA Acts 24:10 Then Paul answered (the governor making a sign to him to speak): Knowing that for many years thou hast been judge over this nation, I will with good courage answer for myself.
NAB Acts 27:22 I urge you now to keep up your courage; not one of you will be lost, only the ship.
NAB Acts 27:25 Therefore, keep up your courage, men; I trust in God that it will turn out as I have been told.
NAB Acts 28:15 The brothers from there heard about us and came as far as the Forum of Appius and Three Taverns to meet us. On seeing them, Paul gave thanks to God and took courage.
NAB Romans 5:7 Indeed, only with difficulty does one die for a just person, though perhaps for a good person one might even find courage to die.
NAB 1 Corinthians 16:13 Be on your guard, stand firm in the faith, be courageous, be strong.
NAB 2 Corinthians 5:6 So we are always courageous, although we know that while we are at home in the body we are away from the Lord,
NAB 2 Corinthians 5:8 Yet we are courageous, and we would rather leave the body and go home to the Lord.
ASV 2 Corinthians 7:16 I rejoice that in everything I am of good courage concerning you.
ASV 2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself entreat you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, I who in your presence am lowly among you, but being absent am of good courage toward you:
ASV 2 Corinthians 10:2 yea, I beseech you, that I may not when present show courage with the confidence wherewith I count to be bold against some, who count of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
NAB Ephesians 6:20 for which I am an ambassador in chains, so that I may have the courage to speak as I must.
NIV Philippians 1:14 Because of my chains, most of the brothers in the Lord have been encouraged to speak the word of God more courageously and fearlessly.
ESV Philippians 1:20 as it is my eager expectation and hope that I will not be at all ashamed, but that with full courage now as always Christ will be honored in my body, whether by life or by death.
NRS 1 Thessalonians 2:2 but though we had already suffered and been shamefully mistreated at Philippi, as you know, we had courage in our God to declare to you the gospel of God in spite of great opposition.
NIV Hebrews 3:6 But Christ is faithful as a son over God’s house. And we are his house, if we hold on to our courage and the hope of which we boast.
ASV Hebrews 13:6 So that with good courage we say, The Lord is my helper; I will not fear: What shall man do unto me?

On Another Subject – Permanent Deacons

Given the happy announcement about the upcoming ordination of Brian, I mentioned (during a brief absence of Fr. Linsky) a tabulation of Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate data on trends in numbers of priests, parishes, deacons, etc. Here is a link to the article and data. Below is a graph of some of the data over a 45 year period.



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