St. James in Sacred Scripture
All three synoptic Gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke share accounts of three events in the life of St. James.
- His call to quit fishing and follow Jesus and his response to it.
- His inclusion in lists of the twelve apostles.
- His presence at the transfiguration of Jesus.
Only the Gospels of Mark and Luke record the invitation of St. James to witness the healing of the daughter of Jairus.
Only St. Luke’s Gospel mentions the suggestion by James and John that fire from Heaven be called down on some uncooperative Samaritans.
Only St. Mark tells of the sons of Zebedee asking for a special favor (Matthew blames it on their mother.), questioning of Jesus about the future, and the invitation to join Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane.
It is interesting that, in the Synoptic Gospels, there are nine verses in which Peter, James, and John and only those three are mentioned together.
The Gospel according to St. John does not mention St. James.
In the Acts of the Apostles, there are two mentions of St. James. He is included among those gathered in a room immediately following the resurrection, and his death at the hands of Herod is documented.
All the pertinent verses are in the table below.
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Franciscan Media Article on St. James (Simple and elegant summary of what we know from Sacred Scripture)
Wikipedia Article on St. James (Includes origin of the name Santiago as discussed by Fr. Linsky and the legends.)