St. Ambrose on Psalms and Law

I was looking for something new in morning prayer after going through the same Psalms over and over for the past eighteen months so switched to the Office of Readings a couple of weeks ago. The second reading today was from St. Ambrose’s Commentaries on the Psalms. I didn’t even know there was such a thing. Law and Prophets and link to NT and Jesus are all addressed. The phrase “fulfilled the law” even appears. This is a screen shot of the reading from the Universalis app which I highly recommend.

St Ambrose Psalms

The Office of Readings always includes Psalms also but different ones from those in Morning Prayer.

St. Thomas Aquinas on Fulfillment of the Law

Summa Theologica

Here from Wikipedia is an explanation of Summa Thrologica :

The Summa Theologiae (written 1265–1274 and also known as the Summa Theologica or simply the Summa) is the best-known work of Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274). Although unfinished, the Summa is “one of the classics of the history of philosophy and one of the most influential works of Western literature”.[1] It was intended as an instructional guide for theology students, including seminarians and the literate laity. It was a compendium of all of the main theological teachings of the Catholic Church. It presents the reasoning for almost all points of Christian theology in the West. The Summa‘s topics follow a cycle: God; Creation, Man; Man’s purposeChrist; the Sacraments; and back to God.

Aquinas on Fulfillment of the Law

I copied and posted that explanation of the St. Aquinas’s book because in it is Question 107 which deals directly with the issue we were discussing Wednesday morning, OT vs. NT, Law vs. Gospel, destruction vs. fulfillment, Etc. Here is a link to that section of Summa Theologica.

Article Two under that section addresses the question of whether Jesus told the truth when he said he came to fulfill the Law. Aquinas first presents four reasons to doubt the words of Jesus and then destroys those reasons with logic and scripture. I guess one thing St. Aquinas had was time for philosophizing and writing though he apparently ran out of it before finishing Summa Theologica.

Aquinas’s Straw Men

Just as a teaser to get you to look at the Aquinas responses in Article 2, here is a screen shot of the objections he addresses:

Screen Shot 2018-06-15 at 10.53.43 AM

Later: I realized the clip above is not very readable so here is a copy/paste version of the four objections:

Objection 1. It would seem that the New Law does not fulfil the Old. Because to fulfil and to void are contrary. But the New Law voids or excludes the observances of the Old Law: for the Apostle says (Galatians 5:2): “If you be circumcisedChrist shall profit you nothing.” Therefore the New Law is not a fulfilment of the Old.

Objection 2. Further, one contrary is not the fulfilment of another. But Our Lord propounded in the New Law precepts that were contrary to precepts of the Old Law. For we read (Matthew 5:27-32): You have heard that it was said to them of old: . . . “Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a bill of divorce. But I say to you that whosoever shall put away his wife . . . maketh her to commit adultery.” Furthermore, the same evidently applies to the prohibition against swearing, against retaliation, and against hating one’s enemies. In like manner Our Lord seems to have done away with the precepts of the Old Law relating to the different kinds of foods (Matthew 15:11): “Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth the man: but what cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man.” Therefore the New Law is not a fulfilment of the Old.

Objection 3. Further, whoever acts against a law does not fulfil the law. But Christ in certain cases acted against the Law. For He touched the leper (Matthew 8:3), which was contrary to the Law. Likewise He seems to have frequently broken the sabbath; since the Jews used to say of Him (John 9:16): “This man is not of God, who keepeth not the sabbath.” Therefore Christ did not fulfil the Law: and so the New Law given by Christ is not a fulfilment of the Old.

Objection 4. Further, the Old Law contained precepts, moral, ceremonial, and judicial, as stated above (I-II:99:4). But Our Lord (Matthew 5) fulfilled the Law in some respects, but without mentioning the judicial and ceremonial precepts. Therefore it seems that the New Law is not a complete fulfilment of the Old.

On the contrary, Our Lord said (Matthew 5:17): “I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil”: and went on to say (Matthew 5:18): “One jot or one tittle shall not pass of the Law till all be fulfilled.”

Examples from OT and NT

And here is some of that OT Law some want to discount. Note especially verses 17-18. It seems to me there is a big gap, not between the OT and NT, but between the OT Law and the things the people believed God told them to do to their neighbors. I wonder sometimes if they were just hearing what they wanted to hear, maybe the commonest of all sins.

Leviticus 19:9-18 English Standard Version (ESV)

Love Your Neighbor as Yourself

“When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, neither shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. 10 And you shall not strip your vineyard bare, neither shall you gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.

11 “You shall not steal; you shall not deal falsely; you shall not lie to one another.12 You shall not swear by my name falsely, and so profane the name of your God: I am the Lord.

13 “You shall not oppress your neighbor or rob him. The wages of a hired worker shall not remain with you all night until the morning. 14 You shall not curse the deaf or put a stumbling block before the blind, but you shall fear your God: I am the Lord.

15 “You shall do no injustice in court. You shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great, but in righteousness shall you judge your neighbor. 16 You shall not go around as a slanderer among your people, and you shall not stand up against the life[a] of your neighbor: I am the Lord.

17 “You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but you shall reason frankly with your neighbor, lest you incur sin because of him. 18 You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.

And some law from the NT. John 14:14 – 15:10. Note the underlined verses.

John 14:14-15:10 New American Bible (Revised Edition) (NABRE)

14 If you ask anything of me in my name, I will do it.

The Advocate. 15 “If you love me, you will keep my commandments. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Advocate[a] to be with you always,17 the Spirit of truth,[b] which the world cannot accept, because it neither sees nor knows it. But you know it, because it remains with you, and will be in you. 18 I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you.[c] 19 In a little while the world will no longer see me, but you will see me, because I live and you will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father and you are in me and I in you. 21 Whoever has my commandments and observes them is the one who loves me. And whoever loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and reveal myself to him.” 22 Judas, not the Iscariot,[d] said to him, “Master, [then] what happened that you will reveal yourself to us and not to the world?” 23 Jesus answered and said to him, “Whoever loves me will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our dwelling with him. 24 Whoever does not love me does not keep my words; yet the word you hear is not mine but that of the Father who sent me.

25 “I have told you this while I am with you. 26 The Advocate, the holy Spirit that the Father will send in my name—he will teach you everything and remind you of all that [I] told you. 27 Peace[e] I leave with you; my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give it to you. Do not let your hearts be troubled or afraid. 28 [f]You heard me tell you, ‘I am going away and I will come back to you.’ If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going to the Father; for the Father is greater than I. 29 And now I have told you this before it happens, so that when it happens you may believe. 30 I will no longer speak much with you, for the ruler of the world[g] is coming. He has no power over me, 31 but the world must know that I love the Father and that I do just as the Father has commanded me. Get up, let us go.

Chapter 15

The Vine and the Branches. [h]“I am the true vine,[i] and my Father is the vine grower. He takes away every branch in me that does not bear fruit, and every one that does he prunes[j] so that it bears more fruit. You are already pruned because of the word that I spoke to you. Remain in me, as I remain in you. Just as a branch cannot bear fruit on its own unless it remains on the vine, so neither can you unless you remain in me. I am the vine, you are the branches. Whoever remains in me and I in him will bear much fruit, because without me you can do nothing. [k]Anyone who does not remain in me will be thrown out like a branch and wither; people will gather them and throw them into a fire and they will be burned. If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask for whatever you want and it will be done for you. By this is my Father glorified, that you bear much fruit and become my disciples. As the Father loves me, so I also love you. Remain in my love. 10 If you keep my commandments, you will remain in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commandments and remain in his love.

As is the case in many theological arguments, the answer is not “either-or” but “both-and.”

Appendix – Extra Credit



And here is more than you would ever want to know about the sacred scriptures of the Jewish people and why they are in our Bible…straight from the Vatican.  Look over the topics. Maybe one will catch your eye.                                                                                                                                




A. The New Testament recognizes the authority of the Sacred Scripture of the Jewish people

1. Implicit recognition of authority
2. Explicit recourse to the authority of the Jewish Scriptures

B. The New Testament attests conformity to the Jewish Scriptures

1. Necessity of fulfilling the Scriptures
2. Conformity to the Scriptures
3. Conformity and Difference

C. Scripture and Oral Tradition in Judaism and Christianity

1. Scripture and Tradition in the Old Testament and Judaism
2. Scripture and Tradition in Early Christianity
3. Relationships between the two perspectives

D. Jewish Exegetical Methods employed in the New Testament

1. Jewish Methods of Exegesis
2. Exegesis at Qumran and in the New Testament
3. Rabbinic Methods in the New Testament
4. Important Allusions to the Old Testament

E. The Extension of the Canon of Scripture

1. In Judaism
2. In the Early Church
3. Formation of the Christian Canon

A. Christian Understanding of the relationships between the Old and New Testaments

1. Affirmation of a reciprocal relationship
2. Re-reading the Old Testament in the light of Christ
3. Allegorical Re-reading
4. Return to the Literal Sense
5. The unity of God’s Plan and the Idea of Fulfilment
6. Current Perspectives
7. Contribution of Jewish reading of the Bible

B. Shared Fundamental Themes

1. Revelation of God
2. The Human Person: Greatness and Wretchedness
3. God, Liberator and Saviour
4. The Election of Israel
5. The Covenant
6. The Law
7. Prayer and Cult, Jerusalem and Temple
8. Divine Reproaches and Condemnations
9. The Promises

C. Conclusion

1. Continuity
2. Discontinuity
3. Progression

A. Different viewpoints within post-exilic Judaism

1. The last centuries before Jesus Christ
2. The first third of the first century A.D. in Palestine
3. The second third of the first century
4. The final third of the first century

B. Jews in the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles

1. The Gospel according to Matthew
2. The Gospel according to Mark
3. The Gospel according to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles
4. The Gospel according to John
5. Conclusion

C. The Jews in the Pauline Letters and other New Testament Writings

1. Jews in the undisputed Pauline Letters
2. Jews in the other Letters
3. Jews in the Book of Revelation

A. General Conclusion
B. Pastoral Orientations




June 6 – Praying Humbly Before God

Welcome to first time visitor Bill Scicchitano who recently moved from Savannah to Columbia.

Eucharistic Procession

Father Fryml led a discussion about the St. Peter’s Eucharistic Procession in celebration of the Solemnity of Corpus Christi. Here is a brief summary of the history and practice of this custom born in the 14th century, approved by the Council of Trent in the 16th century, and most recently encouraged by Pope John Paul II early in the 21st century. Discussion included the points that the procession is uniquely Catholic, that there are significant regional variations in the practice of it, and that there is room for improvement in reverence of participants.

Humility Before God

The discussion then turned to the importance of our personal humility before God, especially in prayer. Two examples from Sacred Scripture of humility before God were mentioned: Isaiah’s response to his call and Peter’s response to the big catch of fish.

Isaiah: (Isaiah 6:5) “Then I said, “Woe is me, I am doomed! For I am a man of unclean lips, living among a people of unclean lips; yet my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!

Peter: (Luke 5:8) “Depart from me, Lord, for I am a sinful man.”

Fr. Fryml used St. Dominic’s “First Way of Prayer” as an example of how to humble ourselves in prayer. Below is a written description from a 13th century document which includes descriptions of all nine ways St. Dominic prescribed.

Here is a more contemporary description of the First Way.

St. Dominic founded the Dominicans, The Order of Preachers, in the 13th Century. Here is a link to the brief discussion of his life on the Dominicans Website.

Something New

Following the discussion of St. Dominic’s First Way of Prayer, we adjourned to the Church and preceded our normal Morning Prayer by standing, facing the altar, heads bowed and practicing the First Way. Then we prayed the Morning Prayer facing the altar rather than each other. It was an interesting change of pace and reminder of what we are doing when we meet together Wednesday mornings.


May 30, 2018 – Suffering

Self Imposed Suffering

It’s not about me. I guess that is what bothers me about the discussion of suffering. It seems to me that whatever suffering I experience is self imposed.

I have only one friend who clearly seems to be suffering because of his faith in Christ. He is a Lutheran pastor in his native minority Christian country with very limited religious freedom and faces severe criticism and restrictions because of the environment in which he serves. He could not, for example, register his children in school with their given Christian names but had to make up new names for them. And he cannot walk down the street with his wife but must walk separately from her. And there is always danger of physical violence. Despite such conditions, he will deny that he is suffering. He will tell you that what he experiences is nothing compared to what Jesus did for him and that he is quite happy and comfortable in his ministry.

As far as “suffering” goes in the USA, it seems to be evenly distributed among unbelievers and believers of various faiths. Of course, we never know for sure what is going on in another person’s life. If it is difficult for us to claim suffering because of our faith, maybe we are not faithful enough.

Suffering seems to be relative. Mild discomfort to some persons may be described by others as suffering. Maybe we need one of those scales like the one for pain, a scale of 1 to 10 for severity of suffering.

And suffering can be mental, physical, or emotional. Most of my self-imposed suffering tends to be mental and is most likely to show up when I get bogged down thinking about myself. The easiest way for me to avoid such suffering is to stay busy in some worthwhile activity. Even simple things such as mopping a floor, scrubbing a shower, or loading a washer or dryer at clean of heart can help shove thoughts of myself out of the picture. Doing a free tax return for somebody at The Cooperative Ministry can cause its own kind of suffering (related to the ridiculous complexity of our federal tax code), but it’s not personal.

Mass readings for Friday, June 1, include this from 1 Peter 4:12-13:

Beloved, do not be surprised that a trial by fire is occurring among you, as if something strange were happening to you. But rejoice to the extent that you share in the sufferings of Christ, so that when his glory is revealed you may also rejoice exultantly. 

That kind of suffering, imposed on us, something occurring among us, a trial by fire, a sharing in the sufferings of Christ, is the suffering that is not self imposed and that we cannot control. All we can do with that kind of suffering is “offer it up.”

Self Examination Need Not Lead to Suffering

The unexamined life is not worth living. – Socrates

St. Peter’s Religious Ed leaders just received gift copies of a little book about “EXAMEN,” a prayer of St. Ignatius of Loyola. It is a prayer that includes self-examination and involves five steps:

  • Giving thanks
  • Asking for the Holy Spirit
  • Recognizing failures of the previous day
  • Asking for forgiveness and healing,
  • Praying about the coming day.

The author of the book summarizes the five steps as Relish, Request, Review, Repent, and Resolve. That seems like a lot of praying, but here is the key: The whole process is only supposed to take fifteen minutes, once a day. That means the practitioner is not going to be wallowing in the Review and Repent sections but is going to move on in faith to plans for the future.

So, it seems we are advised not to get bogged down in self-imposed suffering over our failures. Whatever suffering we face should be from external causes, some “trial by fire,” as for my pastor friend in the hostile environment. I once heard Father Linsky say that forgiving ourselves is sometimes the most difficult part of the Sacrament of Reconciliation. Failure in that can certainly result in self-imposed suffering.


Suffering of Jesus: The “Suffering Servant”

The stories in Sacred Scripture of the suffering of Jesus, none of it self-imposed, are rooted in the Suffering Servant prophesies of Isaiah. A search of the Catechism of the Catholic Church at the Vatican Website shows five references to these prophesies, all in the section on Article 2 (About Jesus) of the Creed:

440 – Jesus accepted Peter’s profession of faith, which acknowledged him to be the Messiah, by announcing the imminent Passion of the Son of Man. He unveiled the authentic content of his messianic kingship both in the transcendent identity of the Son of Man “who came down from heaven”, and in his redemptive mission as the suffering Servant: “The Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Hence the true meaning of his kingship is revealed only when he is raised high on the cross. Only after his Resurrection will Peter be able to proclaim Jesus’ messianic kingship to the People of God: “Let all the house of Israel therefore know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”

536 – The baptism of Jesus is on his part the acceptance and inauguration of his mission as God’s suffering Servant. He allows himself to be numbered among sinners; he is already “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world” Already he is anticipating the “baptism” of his bloody death. Already he is coming to “fulfil all righteousness”, that is, he is submitting himself entirely to his Father’s will: out of love he consents to this baptism of death for the remission of our sins. The Father’s voice responds to the Son’s acceptance, proclaiming his entire delight in his Son. The Spirit whom Jesus possessed in fullness from his conception comes to “rest on him”. Jesus will be the source of the Spirit for all mankind. At his baptism “the heavens were opened” – the heavens that Adam’s sin had closed – and the waters were sanctified by the descent of Jesus and the Spirit, a prelude to the new creation.

601 – The Scriptures had foretold this divine plan of salvation through the putting to death of “the righteous one, my Servant” as a mystery of universal redemption, that is, as the ransom that would free men from the slavery of sin. Citing a confession of faith that he himself had “received”, St. Paul professes that “Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures.” In particular Jesus’ redemptive death fulfils Isaiah’s prophecy of the suffering Servant. Indeed Jesus himself explained the meaning of his life and death in the light of God’s suffering Servant. After his Resurrection he gave this interpretation of the Scriptures to the disciples at Emmaus, and then to the apostles.

608 – After agreeing to baptize him along with the sinners, John the Baptist looked at Jesus and pointed him out as the “Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world”. By doing so, he reveals that Jesus is at the same time the suffering Servant who silently allows himself to be led to the slaughter and who bears the sin of the multitudes, and also the Paschal Lamb, the symbol of Israel’s redemption at the first Passover. Christ’s whole life expresses his mission: “to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Suffering may be somewhat subjective, but there is no doubt about the intensity of suffering experienced by Jesus. Just for easy reference, here are links to those Suffering Servant passages from Isaiah, footnotes included and worth reading:

Isaiah 42:1-4

Isaiah 49:1-7

Isaiah 50:4-11

Isaiah 53

As pointed out in this essay on Catholic Exchange, the Church has always understood these “Suffering Servant” prophesies to be about Jesus, and they are used prominently in our readings at Mass throughout the year.

Suffering Psalmist

I mentioned during the discussion that some of the Psalms seem to be all about the writer with lots of use of first person singular pronouns, are inwardly focused, and indicate suffering. Here are some examples of a suffering psalmist, King David in a “tear drenched” bed and carrying “sorrow in my soul” and “grief in my heart day after day.”

Psalm 6 For the leader; with stringed instruments, “upon the eighth.” A psalm of David.  Do not reprove me in your anger, LORD, nor punish me in your wrath. Have pity on me, LORD, for I am weak; heal me, LORD, for my bones are trembling. In utter terror is my soul– and you, LORD, how long…? Turn, LORD, save my life; in your mercy rescue me. For who among the dead remembers you? Who praises you in Sheol? I am wearied with sighing; all night long tears drench my bed; my couch is soaked with weeping. My eyes are dimmed with sorrow, worn out because of all my foes. Away from me, all who do evil! The LORD has heard my weeping. The LORD has heard my prayer; the LORD takes up my plea. My foes will be terrified and disgraced; all will fall back in sudden shame.

Psalm 13 For the leader. A psalm of David. How long, LORD? Will you utterly forget me? How long will you hide your face from me? How long must I carry sorrow in my soul, grief in my heart day after day? How long will my enemy triumph over me? Look upon me, answer me, LORD, my God! Give light to my eyes lest I sleep in death, Lest my enemy say, “I have prevailed,” lest my foes rejoice at my downfall. I trust in your faithfulness. Grant my heart joy in your help, That I may sing of the LORD, “How good our God has been to me!”

Psalm 43 Grant me justice, God; defend me from a faithless people; from the deceitful and unjust rescue me. You, God, are my strength. Why then do you spurn me? Why must I go about mourning, with the enemy oppressing me? Send your light and fidelity, that they may be my guide And bring me to your holy mountain, to the place of your dwelling, That I may come to the altar of God, to God, my joy, my delight. Then I will praise you with the harp, O God, my God. Why are you downcast, my soul? Why do you groan within me? Wait for God, whom I shall praise again, my savior and my God.

Too bad St. Ignatius wasn’t around to advise David!

Bishop Barron Speaks at Google HQ

Since Bishop Barron’s name came up in our last gathering, I thought it would be worthwhile to post this very interesting speech he delivered to Google employees at the company headquarters. It is being widely circulated on the internet. Like St. Paul at the Aeropagus maybe. The Q&A section is also interesting. His answer to the last question is found in 1 Peter 3:15-16.


Meribah, Massah, and Absence

Do not grow stubborn, as your fathers did in the wilderness, when at Meribah and Massah they challenged me and provoked me, although they had seen all of my good works. Psalm 95:8-9

Every time we pray that line at Wednesday Morning Prayer, I wonder about Meribah and Massah. I did a search using the link at our MPG website to see how many times and where they are mentioned in the Bible.

Here are the mentions of Meribah.

Screen Shot 2018-05-19 at 8.12.49 AM

And here, with some overlap, are the mentions of Massah.

Screen Shot 2018-05-19 at 8.13.16 AM

Screen Shot 2018-05-19 at 8.41.23 AMI searched Google Maps and found no Meribah, but there is a Massah, Libya. I doubt the wilderness-wandering Jews went that far out of their way on their journey from Egypt to The Promised Land. At least this is a handy map of Bible lands, all the way from Jerusalem to Rome.

Below is the Catholic Study Bible footnote for Exodus 17:7. Apparently the Israelites named some place in the wilderness based on what happened to them and what they had done there.

Screen Shot 2018-05-19 at 8.16.22 AM

I guess the lesson for us is that we should avoid growing stubborn, quarreling, hardening our hearts, putting the Lord to the test, rebelling against his directions, etc.

If you would like to read some speculative comments, more than we actually know about these names, just Google them. Lots of commentary will pop up.


I will be absent Wednesday May 23rd helping celebrate HS graduation of our eldest granddaughter. If any of you send me notes about what is discussed, I will post them giving credit and blame as appropriate. Seriously, I would like to post at least the major topics discussed.


May 16, 2018 – Pentecost, Holy Spirit, and Change

There is a pretty common joke in Lutheran circles that goes something like this:

Question: How many Lutherans does it take to change a light bulb?

Given Father Linsky’s opening comments, maybe the joke can ring a bell with Catholics also. Maybe with all human organizations. I suppose it is only human to get into ruts and have trouble thinking of new ways to approach our responsibilities. After all, we are created in the image of an unchangeable God.

Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever.

Malachi 3:6-7 –  For I, the Lord, do not change, and you, sons of Jacob, do not cease to be. Since the days of your ancestors you have turned aside from my statutes and have not kept them.

1 Peter 1:24-25 –  “All flesh is like grass, and all its glory like the flower of the field; the grass withers, and the flower wilts; but the word of the Lord remains forever.”

So, God IS, the great I AM, unchanging and perfect, His Word remaining forever, and we, in our imperfections, with weak excuses for resisting improvement, wither and fade and wilt and turn aside from the commandments. So, we need to change, and The Holy Spirit inspires us to do so and will help us do so.

So, knowing that inspiration comes from The Holy Spirit, we can pray:


may everything we do
begin with your inspiration
and continue with your saving help
Let our work always find its origin in you
And through you reach completion.
We ask this through Christ our Lord. 

And we may find new and better ways to serve even as the Apostles and Disciples were changed at Pentecost by the Holy Spirit.

Here is a quick summary from The Catechism of things the Holy Spirit does and doesn’t do:

The Holy Spirit

  • comprehends the thoughts of God
  • reveals God
  • makes known to us Christ, his Word, his living Utterance
  • does not speak of himself
  • makes us hear the Father’s Word, not hear the Spirit himself
  • reveals the Word to us and disposes us to welcome him in faith
  • “unveils” Christ
  • will not speak on his own.”8Such properly divine self-effacement explains why
  • “the world cannot receive (him), because it neither sees him nor knows him,” while those who believe in Christ know the Spirit because he dwells with them.9
  • The Church is the place where we know the Holy Spirit:
    – in the Scriptures he inspired;
    – in the Tradition, to which the Church Fathers are always timely witnesses;
    – in the Church’s Magisterium, which he assists;
    – in the sacramental liturgy, through its words and symbols, in which the Holy Spirit puts us into communion with Christ;
    – in prayer, wherein he intercedes for us;
    – in the charisms and ministries by which the Church is built up;
    – in the signs of apostolic and missionary life;
    – in the witness of saints through whom he manifests his holiness and continues the work of salvation.

You can read it all straight from the Catechism at the Vatican Website HERE.

In the New Testament, NAB Version, the phrase Holy Spirit shows up 89 times, almost half of those in Acts. (I am surprised holy is not capitalized like Spirit). He was/is busy. Here they all are. Here are a chart showing the locations of the 89 instances and all the verses.

NAB Matthew 1:18 Now this is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about. When his mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found with child through the holy Spirit.

NAB Matthew 1:20 Such was his intention when, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife into your home. For it is through the holy Spirit that this child has been conceived in her.

NAB Matthew 3:11 I am baptizing you with water, for repentance, but the one who is coming after me is mightier than I.I am not worthy to carry his sandals. He will baptize you with the holy Spirit and fire.

NAB Matthew 12:32 And whoever speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven; but whoever speaks against the holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in this age or in the age to come.

NAB Matthew 28:19 Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit,

NAB Mark 1:8 I have baptized you with water; he will baptize you with the holy Spirit.”

NAB Mark 3:29 But whoever blasphemes against the holy Spirit will never have forgiveness, but is guilty of an everlasting sin.”

NAB Mark 12:36 David himself, inspired by the holy Spirit, said: ‘The Lord said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand until I place your enemies under your feet.”‘

NAB Mark 13:11 When they lead you away and hand you over, do not worry beforehand about what you are to say. But say whatever will be given to you at that hour. For it will not be you who are speaking but the holy Spirit.

NAB Luke 1:15, 35, 41, 67 for he will be great in the sight of (the) Lord. He will drink neither wine nor strong drink. He will be filled with the holy Spirit even from his mother’s womb,
35 And the angel said to her in reply, “The holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God.
41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the infant leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth, filled with the holy Spirit,
67 Then Zechariah his father, filled with the holy Spirit, prophesied, saying:

NAB Luke 2:25, 26 Now there was a man in Jerusalem whose name was Simeon. This man was righteous and devout, awaiting the consolation of Israel, and the holy Spirit was upon him.
26 It had been revealed to him by the holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Messiah of the Lord.

NAB Luke 3:16, 22 John answered them all, saying, “I am baptizing you with water, but one mightier than I is coming. I am not worthy to loosen the thongs of his sandals. He will baptize you with the holy Spirit and fire
22 and the holy Spirit descended upon him in bodily form like a dove. And a voice came from heaven, “You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased.”

NAB Luke 4:1 Filled with the holy Spirit, Jesus returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the desert

NAB Luke 10:21 At that very moment he rejoiced (in) the holy Spirit and said, “I give you praise, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, for although you have hidden these things from the wise and the learned you have revealed them to the childlike. Yes, Father, such has been your gracious will.

NAB Luke 11:13 If you then, who are wicked, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will the Father in heaven give the holy Spirit to those who ask him?”

NAB Luke 12:10, 12 “Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven, but the one who blasphemes against the holy Spirit will not be forgiven.
12 For the holy Spirit will teach you at that moment what you should say.”

NAB John 1:33 I did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘On whomever you see the Spirit come down and remain, he is the one who will baptize with the holy Spirit.’

NAB John 14:26 The Advocate, the holy Spirit that the Father will send in my name– he will teach you everything and remind you of all that (I) told you.

NAB John 20:22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the holy Spirit.

NAB Acts 1:2, 5, 8, 16 until the day he was taken up, after giving instructions through the holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.
5 for John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with the holy Spirit.”
8 But you will receive power when the holy Spirit comes upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, throughout Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.
16 “My brothers, the scripture had to be fulfilled which the holy Spirit spoke beforehand through the mouth of David, concerning Judas, who was the guide for those who arrested Jesus.

NAB Acts 2:4, 33, 38 And they were all filled with the holy Spirit and began to speak in different tongues, as the Spirit enabled them to proclaim
33 Exalted at the right hand of God, he received the promise of the holy Spirit from the Father and poured it forth, as you (both) see and hear.
38 Peter (said) to them, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the holy Spirit.

NAB Acts 4:8, 25, 31 Then Peter, filled with the holy Spirit, answered them, “Leaders of the people and elders:
25 you said by the holy Spirit through the mouth of our father David, your servant: ‘Why did the Gentiles rage and the peoples entertain folly?
31 As they prayed, the place where they were gathered shook, and they were all filled with the holy Spirit and continued to speak the word of God with boldness.

NAB Acts 5:3, 32 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart so that you lied to the holy Spirit and retained part of the price of the land?
32 We are witnesses of these things, as is the holy Spirit that God has given to those who obey him.”

NAB Acts 6:5 The proposal was acceptable to the whole community, so they chose Stephen, a man filled with faith and the holy Spirit, also Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicholas of Antioch, a convert to Judaism.

NAB Acts 7:51, 55 “You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always oppose the holy Spirit; you are just like your ancestors
55 But he, filled with the holy Spirit, looked up intently to heaven and saw the glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand of God,

NAB Acts 8:15, 17, 19 who went down and prayed for them, that they might receive the holy Spirit,
17 Then they laid hands on them and they received the holy Spirit.
19 and said, “Give me this power too, so that anyone upon whom I lay my hands may receive the holy Spirit.”

NAB Acts 9:17, 31 So Ananias went and entered the house; laying his hands on him, he said, “Saul, my brother, the Lord has sent me, Jesus who appeared to you on the way by which you came, that you may regain your sight and be filled with the holy Spirit.”
31 The church throughout all Judea, Galilee, and Samaria was at peace. It was being built up and walked in the fear of the Lord, and with the consolation of the holy Spirit it grew in numbers.

NAB Acts 10:38, 44, 45, 47 how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the holy Spirit and power. He went about doing good and healing all those oppressed by the devil, for God was with him.
44 While Peter was still speaking these things, the holy Spirit fell upon all who were listening to the word.
45 The circumcised believers who had accompanied Peter were astounded that the gift of the holy Spirit should have been poured out on the Gentiles also,
47 “Can anyone withhold the water for baptizing these people, who have received the holy Spirit even as we have?”

NAB Acts 11:15, 16, 24 As I began to speak, the holy Spirit fell upon them as it had upon us at the beginning,
16 and I remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said, ‘John baptized with water but you will be baptized with the holy Spirit.’
24 for he was a good man, filled with the holy Spirit and faith. And a large number of people was added to the Lord.

NAB Acts 13:2, 4, 9, 52 While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.”
4 So they, sent forth by the holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and from there sailed to Cyprus.
9 But Saul, also known as Paul, filled with the holy Spirit, looked intently at him
52 The disciples were filled with joy and the holy Spirit.

NAB Acts 15:8, 28 And God, who knows the heart, bore witness by granting them the holy Spirit just as he did us.
28 ‘It is the decision of the holy Spirit and of us not to place on you any burden beyond these necessities,

NAB Acts 16:6 They traveled through the Phrygian and Galatian territory because they had been prevented by the holy Spirit from preaching the message in the province of Asia.

NAB Acts 19:2, 6 He said to them, “Did you receive the holy Spirit when you became believers?” They answered him, “We have never even heard that there is a holy Spirit.”
6 And when Paul laid (his) hands on them, the holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke in tongues and prophesied.

NAB Acts 20:23, 28 except that in one city after another the holy Spirit has been warning me that imprisonment and hardships await me.
28 Keep watch over yourselves and over the whole flock of which the holy Spirit has appointed you overseers, in which you tend the church of God that he acquired with his own blood.

NAB Acts 21:11 He came up to us, took Paul’s belt, bound his own feet and hands with it, and said, “Thus says the holy Spirit: This is the way the Jews will bind the owner of this belt in Jerusalem, and they will hand him over to the Gentiles.”

NAB Acts 28:25 Without reaching any agreement among themselves they began to leave; then Paul made one final statement. “Well did the holy Spirit speak to your ancestors through the prophet Isaiah, saying:

NAB Romans 5:5 and hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out into our hearts through the holy Spirit that has been given to us.

NAB Romans 9:1 I speak the truth in Christ, I do not lie; my conscience joins with the holy Spirit in bearing me witness

NAB Romans 14:17 For the kingdom of God is not a matter of food and drink, but of righteousness, peace, and joy in the holy Spirit;

NAB Romans 15:13, 16 May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that you may abound in hope by the power of the holy Spirit.
16 to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in performing the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering up of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the holy Spirit.

NAB 1 Corinthians 6:19 Do you not know that your body is a temple of the holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God, and that you are not your own?

NAB 1 Corinthians 12:3 Therefore, I tell you that nobody speaking by the spirit of God says, “Jesus be accursed.” And no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the holy Spirit.

NAB 2 Corinthians 6:6 by purity, knowledge, patience, kindness, in a holy spirit, in unfeigned love,

NAB 2 Corinthians 13:13 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the holy Spirit be with all of you.

NAB Ephesians 1:13 In him you also, who have heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and have believed in him, were sealed with the promised holy Spirit,

NAB Ephesians 4:30 And do not grieve the holy Spirit of God, with which you were sealed for the day of redemption.

NAB 1 Thessalonians 1:5, 6 For our gospel did not come to you in word alone, but also in power and in the holy Spirit and (with) much conviction. You know what sort of people we were (among) you for your sake.
6 And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, receiving the word in great affliction, with joy from the holy Spirit,

NAB 1 Thessalonians 4:8 Therefore, whoever disregards this, disregards not a human being but God, who (also) gives his holy Spirit to you.

NAB 2 Timothy 1:14 Guard this rich trust with the help of the holy Spirit that dwells within us.

NAB Titus 3:5 not because of any righteous deeds we had done but because of his mercy, he saved us through the bath of rebirth and renewal by the holy Spirit,

NAB Hebrews 2:4 God added his testimony by signs, wonders, various acts of power, and distribution of the gifts of the holy Spirit according to his will.

NAB Hebrews 3:7 Therefore, as the holy Spirit says: “Oh, that today you would hear his voice,

NAB Hebrews 6:4 For it is impossible in the case of those who have once been enlightened and tasted the heavenly gift and shared in the holy Spirit

NAB Hebrews 9:8 In this way the holy Spirit shows that the way into the sanctuary had not yet been revealed while the outer tabernacle still had its place.

NAB Hebrews 10:15 The holy Spirit also testifies to us, for after saying:

NAB 1 Peter 1:12 It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you with regard to the things that have now been announced to you by those who preached the good news to you (through) the holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels longed to look.

NAB 2 Peter 1:21 for no prophecy ever came through human will; but rather human beings moved by the holy Spirit spoke under the influence of God.

NAB Jude 1:20 But you, beloved, build yourselves up in your most holy faith; pray in the holy Spirit.

We also talked about these OT/NT connections in Sacred Scripture, the Holy Spirit as Wind.

So, shall we listen and be open to change?